What is Crime Analysis?
Crime Analysis is the identification, analysis and reporting of methods, patterns and trends in criminal activity.
Crime Analysis can:
- Help solve crimes
- Develop effective strategies and tactics to prevent future crimes
- Help find and apprehend offenders
- Help prosecute and convict offenders
- Improve safety and quality of life
- Optimize internal operations
- Prioritize patrol and investigation
- Detect and solve community problems
- Plan for future resource needs
- Educate the public
Types of Crime Analysis:
Administrative Crime Analysis
involves long-range projects. Tasks include providing economic, geographic and law enforcement information to police management, city hall, city council, and neighborhood/citizen groups. Its purpose is financial, organizational, political, and legislative. It is critical to budget, personnel, public information, and legal issues.
Strategic Crime Analysis
is concerned with operational strategies and seeks solutions to ongoing problems. It provides information for resource allocation purposes, including patrol scheduling and beat configuration. Its purpose is to identify unusual crime activities over certain levels or at different seasonal times, identify unusual community conditions, provide police service more effectively and efficiently by matching demands for service with service delivery, reduce and/or eliminate recurring problems, and assist in community policing or problem-oriented policing.
Tactical Crime Analysis
deals with immediate criminal offenses to promote quick response. It provides information to assist operational personnel in the identification of specific crime trends and in the arrest of criminal offenders. The primary goal is to identify crime trends and patterns/series. Tactical information links offender and modus operandi information from a number of offenses in an attempt to provide investigative leads, help solve crimes, and clear cases after apprehension and arrests.